Using ‘This’ and ‘That’

THIS and THESE

This is singular These is plural.

These and this are used to talk about things which are near in place or time.

Examples:

“Is this your book?”

“Are these your shoes?”

“Do you like this music?”

Or when making a phone call:

“Hello, this is Judi.”

THAT and THOSE

That is singular. Those is plural

That and those are used to talk about things which are not near to us or happened I; the past.

For example:

“Is that your house over there?”

“Did you see that film last night?’

“Who told you that?”

Or when making a phone call you could say, “Is that Michael?”

“Are those your shoes under the chair?”

“I like those flowers in that garden.”

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